Scientists and psychologists alike want to understand what Emotional intelligence is all about. Past studies prove that it holds endless shots in improving peoples’ interactions. Moreover, most of our actions are a snapshot of our emotions. So, what is emotional intelligence? How relevant is it in our lives today? And what are the four components of emotional intelligence? What can you do to learn and strengthen your EQ?
This article will answer all these questions and more. Keep reading!
What Is Emotional Intelligence?
Emotional intelligence also referred to as emotional quotient (EQ) is how we know, control, and check our emotions and those of the people near us. It matters a lot how we deal with emotions. For example, how do you solve problems? What about challenges in relationships? Even so, EQ goes a step further and centers on understanding our emotions so that we can live better lives.
Why Is It So Important?
Research shows that we can learn and strengthen our emotional intelligence. In turn, we will unlock our higher way of interplay at home and in the workplace. Most importantly, it brings out effective leaders in us. When sensitive, we make thoughtful decisions that are best for all.
EQ also helps us to:
- Stay calm in a heated environment
- Turn a stressful situation into a manageable one
- Be better at expressing ourselves
- Develop trust with peers
- Gain their respect
- Influence them to help out
The Four Components of Emotional Intelligence
Fields like neuroscience, leadership, and psychology have taken time to study EQ. Further, the Hay Group came up with four distinct aspects to describe Emotional Intelligence. These are:
How do you perceive emotions? And how do others view you? It is quite easy to get caught up in our daily habits and routines that we can forget to reflect on our actions. Self-awareness is two-fold. It is about assessing our emotions and examining how others think of the way we handle them.
Think about it. Why do you do the things you do? Why do some situations make you explode with emotions, while others do not affect you? It could be about the value you place on each circumstance. Sometimes we also see what we want to see.
Hence, to be self-aware, one needs to invest in “me-time”. Make it your job to review what you went through, and how you think it is affecting your moods and actions. Again, seek feedback from those that you impact. An easy way of self-awareness is through daily meditation.
Do you reason candidly or out of emotions? Self-management is about choosing the way you respond to your status quo. For example, do you often feel guilty about your actions? Then, you are yet to master your self-management skills. Replace a reactive habit with a responsive one. A quick answer can be irrational. But, a response is well-thought-out.
To practice self-management, start by being self-aware. Then, account for your actions. Secondly, no matter your schedules, have some time off to reflect on your actions. Thirdly, trust and be trustworthy. At the same time, know and stick to your limits. Opt for a servant-leader attitude. Finally, have an active lifestyle outside your work life.
#3 Social Awareness
Social awareness is about spreading your emotional attention to those around you. For example, showing empathy and staying active in your area. Also, stay up to date with the control dynamics in your peer groups. It is the reverse of self-awareness that centers on you. Social awareness turns the focus to others. Hence, you learn and welcome other’s works towards you.
For example, do you empathize with persons from different backgrounds? Then, as a leader, you gain their acceptance. It also includes being sensitive to your customer’s needs, beyond making a sale. It is about making it your duty for your clients to be happy.
#4 Relationship Management
The last of the four components of emotional intelligence is relationship management. It is about embracing your emotions and those of others for success. It is admitting that all relationships need a deliberate effort from you to work. Hence, you use the first three components of EQ to develop your relationships.
To be successful, start by working on your communication style. Aim at a positive natural interaction. Next, be open to all types of feedback. Use criticism as a chance to learn. Third, never shy away from individuals who rub you the wrong way. Instead, deal with them on a case by case basis. All in all, the ultimate goal of relationship management is becoming a spur leader.
Helpful Practical Tips to Becoming an Emotional Intelligent Person
Emotional intelligence is a valuable skill in the professional world. Now that you understand the four components of emotional intelligence, below are quick tips on how you can learn and strengthen your EQ.
Be Assertive In All Your Interactions
An assertive approach is a bridge between an aggressive and passive response. You, therefore, want to send your message across in a respectful way and expect others to take you seriously.
Avoid Emotional Outbursts When Under Pressure
Emotionally intelligent persons are never hasty when dealing with stressful situations. Instead, they stay calm and aim for an amicable solution. Hence, always focus even when under pressure. Plus, check that your actions are in line with what you say.
Practice Active Listening
How attentive are you to what the other person is saying? Active listening is about listening before responding. This conscious communication includes reading both the verbal and nonverbal parts of a conversation. As a result, you’ll express appreciation and avoid misunderstandings.
Have A Self-Motivated Attitude
An emotionally intelligent person knows what he wants and strives to achieve it. Hence, he doesn’t rely on others to motivate him toward action.
What Next? Practice, Practice, Practice!
So, do you want to be an emotionally intelligent person? We hope this guide gives you an idea of what EQ is all about. Your next step is to practice the four components of emotional intelligence to strengthen your EQ. This skill is not inborn. Practice your self-awareness skills. If you never paid attention to peoples’ body language, start doing so. Empathize with your peers. Let them know that you are approachable. Finally, be a considerate leader!